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Turf Tips

Types Of Turf

These are the most common types of turf grasses we use in San Antonio and the surrounding areas. Please click on the varieties to get a full description. 

1.  ST. AUGUSTINE

          a. Amerishade – Use: Commercial, Residential

          b. Common – Use: Commercial, Residential

          c. Floratam – Use: Commercial, Residential

          d. Palmetto – Use: Commercial, residential

          e. Raleigh – use: Commercial, Residential

2. BERMUDA

          a. Celebration – Use: Commercial, residential, Golf, Sport

          b. TifSport – Use: Commercial, Residential, Golf, Sport

          c. Tifway 419 – Use: Commercial, Residential, Golf, Sport

          d. TifGrand – Use: Commercial, Golf, Residential, Sport

3. Zoysia 

          a. Emerald – Use: Commercial, Golf, Residential

          b. Palisades – Use: Commercial, Golf, Residential

          c. Zorro – Use: Commercial, Golf, Residential, Sport

4. Buffalo 

          a. 609 Buffalograss – Use: Commercial, Golf, Residential

          b. Prairie Buffalograss – Use: Commercial, Residential.

Watering

When installing new sod. You want to ensure your investment stays alive. We recommend watering your new turf immediately after installation. 

Mowing

The best mowing practicing start with sharp blades. If you continue to tear or rip the blades of grass as they are being cut. You will continue to put stress on your lawn. Adjust your mowing height according to the season. Mowing shorter in hot weather not only adds stress to the turf but it will also make the turf use more water in order to sustain. Many turf grasses will go dormant during the hottest months. Never remove more than a 1/3 of the grass blades length at one time. Also, where possible alternate your mowing lines each time. This will cut down on rutting in the soil and allow turf to recover in between mowing’s. 

Fertilizing

A good fertilization program is necessary to maintain a healthy, weed free, green lawn. Fertilizer’s can be confusing considering you have so many to choose from. If you are very earth friendly, organic is the way too go. This method tends to require a lot of product and takes a lot longer for the product to work. Chemical fertilizers on the market today that can be purchased in the box stores have been made so that it is very hard to damage your lawn. The Nitrogen portion of the fertilizer has had a coating added to it to make it slow release. Meaning, if it sits in you lawn without water it will do nothing. As water is added the coating slowly breaks down and releases the nitrogen. 

We recommend fertilizing at least four times per year as a minimum, but no more than six times. Much more than that on a residential property is excessive.  

Know what you are looking for. There are three numbers on bags of fertilizer know as NPK. The “N” stands for nitrogen, “P” stands for phosphorus and K stands for potash (Potassium).  Example 27 – 13 – 5. Your will notice that the first number “N” is always higher in the spring. That’s because its time to green up the lawn. As temperatures rise the “N” in the product start to drop and the two other number’s start to rise.

Lawn Dressings

Lawn dressings is very important with our San Antonio soil conditions the way they are. Most turf is only sitting on a couple of inches of soil. This is why you tend to see the spots of brown and green in lawns. Rock is closer to the surface where you tend to see the brown spots. Adding lawn dressing in the spring will allow for better root growth and a healthier lawn. We recommend putting approximately 1/4″ of lawn dressing across you lawn. This will also help with moisture retention and leveling out some of the uneven areas. You can apply lawn dressing as many times as you would like, but we recommend to not add it more than twice per year. Be carful in the hotter months if you are going to apply lawn dressing. it can burn your lawn.